EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Iranian journal of reproductive medicine

In vitro developmental competence of bovine oocytes: Effect of corpus luteum and follicle size.


PMID 26644789

Abstract

Previous studies reported many discrepancies about the effects of corpus luteum (CL) and ovarian follicle size on the developmental competence of oocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CL and different size of follicle on the developmental potential of bovine oocytes. After ovarian classification based on presence or absence of CL, sample follicles were placed in three groups according to their diameter; small (S; 3-6 mm), medium (M; 6-9 mm), and large (L; 10-20 mm). Collected oocytes in each group were subjected to the in vitro embryo production processes. Results showed that, the percentages of blastocyst obtained from oocytes originating from small and medium follicles of ovaries bearing a CL (CL+S-oocytes and CL+M-oocytes, respectively) were lower (p<0.001) than those of small and medium follicles of ovaries not bearing a CL (CL-S-oocytes and CL-M-oocytes, respectively) (30.8% and 33.6% vs. 36.9% and 38.7% respectively). Although, the percentages of blastocyst obtained from CL-M-oocytes and CL-L-oocytes were greater (p< 0.001) than those of CL+S-oocytes and CL+M-oocytes. There were no significant differences in the percentages of blastocyst formation between controls (C-oocytes), CL-S-oocytes and CL+L-oocytes. According to the results of this study, the negative effect of CL on the developmental competence of bovine oocyte depends on the follicle size. Therefore, oocytes originating from large grown follicles were not influenced by negative effects of CL as much as those originating from small and medium follicles did.