Biochimica et biophysica acta

C/EBPα negatively regulates SIRT7 expression via recruiting HDAC3 to the upstream-promoter of hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

PMID 26704017


Mammalian Sirtuin proteins (SIRTs) are homologs of yeast Sir2, and characterized as class III histone deacetylases of NAD(+) dependence. Unlike their lower counterparts that are directly involved in the extending of lifespan, mammalian SIRTs mainly function in metabolism and cellular homeostasis, among them, SIRT7 is the least understood. SIRT7 is localized in the nucleus and rich in nucleoli associated with RNA polymerase I, and correlated with cell proliferation. In contrast, SIRT7 has recently been demonstrated to specifically deacetylate H3K18ac in the chromatin, and in most cases represses proliferation. Although MicroRNA as miR-125b has been reported to down-regulate SIRT7 by binding to its 3'UTR, however, how SIRT7 gene is regulated remains unclear. Here, we identified the transcription initiation site of human SIRT7 gene at the upstream 23rd A nucleotide respective to the translational codon, and the SIRT7 is a TATA-less and initiator-less gene. The sequences in the upstream region between -256 and -129 bp are identical with important functions in the three species detected. A C/EBPα responding element is found that binds both C/EBPα and C/EBPβ in vitro. We showed TSA induced SIRT7 gene transcription and only the HDAC3, but not its catalytic domain depleted mutant, interacted with C/EBPα to occupy the C/EBPα element and repressed SIRT7 gene in the hepatocellular carcinoma cells. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the regulation mechanism of SIRT7 gene, in which, HDAC3 collaborated with C/EBPα to occupy its responding element in the upstream region of SIRT7 gene and repressed its expression in human cells.