Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

Effect of Roughness on in Situ Biomineralized CaP-Collagen Coating on the Osteogenesis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

PMID 26795271


Because of its outstanding osteo-conductive property, a calcium phosphate (CaP) coating has been used as an implant coating for bone tissue engineering. Nevertheless, the issues, such as harsh fabrication conditions, long-term stability and biocompatibility, and the requirement for expensive instruments, still exist in current coating techniques. To address these issues, the CaP coatings doped with collagen (CaP-Col) were in situ generated on polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) by incubating PEMs in a mixture of the collagen, phosphate, and calcium ions. The resulting coatings have controllable physical properties (chemical composition, crystallinity, and roughness) and good stability before and after incubation with cell culture medium. We also found that both the cellular viability and osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were closely related to the roughness of PEMs/CaP-Col, one of the easily ignored physical factors in current coating designs but very critical. The existed roughness window (between 18 ± 1.2 and 187 ± 7.3 nm) suitable for MSC proliferation on PEMs/CaP-Col coating and the optimal roughness (∼98 ± 3.5 nm) for MSC osteogenesis further demonstrated that the roughness was a critical factor for bone formation. Therefore, we envision that our exploration of the effects of surface roughness on MSC behaviors would provide better guidance for the future design of material coating and eventual medical success.