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Archives of microbiology

Effects of inhibitors of membrane signal peptide peptidase on protein translocation into membrane vesicles.


PMID 2692535

Abstract

The effect of the removal of signal peptides after cleavage of precursor molecules by the signal peptidase I was examined in an in vitro translocation system with Escherichia coli membrane vesicles. The translocation of periplasmic alkaline phosphatase precursors was significantly inhibited by the protease inhibitors antipain, elastatinal and leupeptin. Antipain and leupeptin enhanced the translocation of precursors of outer membrane protein OmpA, but inhibited the processing. However, antipain did not inhibit the processing of precursors mediated by signal peptidase I in the soluble form. Moreover, the inhibition by antipain was not due to the disruption of membrane integrity, but occurred during the process of protein translocation. Since these small peptide inhibitors are known to inhibit membrane protease IV, a signal peptide peptidase, these results suggest that the hydrolysis of signal peptides is an important step in the recycles of the overall translocation process, and that the prevention of degradation of signal peptides feedback inhibits the preceding steps in the translocation pathway.

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E0881
Elastatinal, microbial
C21H36N8O7