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Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology

Association of ADAMTS-7 Levels with Cardiac Function in a Rat Model of Acute Myocardial Infarction.


PMID 26938210

Abstract

High ADAMTS-7 levels are associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), although its involvement in ventricular remodeling is unclear. In this study, we investigated the association between ADAMTS-7 expression and cardiac function in a rat AMI model. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into AMI (n = 40) and sham (n = 20) groups. The left anterior descending artery was sutured to model AMI. Before surgery and 7, 14, 28, and 42 days post-surgery, ADAMTS-7 and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) were assessed by ELISA, western blot, real-time RT-PCR, and/or immunohistochemistry. Cardiac functional and structural parameters were assessed by M-mode echocardiography. After AMI, plasma ADAMTS-7 levels increased, peaking on day 28 (AMI: 13.2 ± 6.3 vs. sham: 3.4 ± 1.3 ng/ml, P < 0.05). Compared with the sham group, ADAMTS-7 expression was higher in the infarct zone at day 28. COMP present in normal myocardium was degraded by day 28 post-AMI. Plasma ADAMTS-7 correlated positively with BNP (r = 0.642, P = 0.025), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (r = 0.695, P = 0.041), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (r = 0.710, P = 0.039), left ventricular ejection fraction (r = 0.695, P = 0.036), and left ventricular short-axis fractional shortening (r = 0.721, P = 0.024). ADAMTS-7 levels may reflect the degree of ventricular remodeling after AMI.