Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

Simple and sensitive electrogenerated chemiluminescence peptide-based biosensor for detection of matrix metalloproteinase 2 released from living cells.

PMID 26939670


A simple and sensitive electrogenerated chemiluminescence biosensor was developed to monitor matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) by employing a specific peptide (CGPLGVRGK) as a molecular recognition substrate. Bis(2,2'-bipyridine)-4'-methyl-4-carboxybipyridine-ruthenium N-succinimidyl ester-bis(hexafluorophosphate) (Ru(bpy)2(mcbpy-O-Su-ester)(PF6)2 (Ru1) was used as ECL-emitting species and covalently labeled onto the peptide through NH2-containing lysine on the peptide via acylation reaction to form Ru1-peptide as an ECL probe. An ECL peptide-based biosensor was fabricated by self-assembling the ECL probe onto the surface of gold electrode. MMP-2 can specifically cleave the Ru1-peptide on the electrode surface, which led the partly Ru1-peptide to leave the electrode surface and resulted in the decrease of the ECL intensity obtained from the resulted electrode in 0.1xa0M phosphate-buffered saline (pHxa07.4) containing tri-n-propylamine. The decreased ECL intensity was piecewise linear to the concentration of MMP-2 in the range from 1 to 500xa0ng/mL. Moreover, the ECL biosensor is successfully applied to detection of MMP-2 secreted by living cell, such as HeLa cells. Additionally, the biosensor was also applied to the evaluation of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors. The strategy presented here is promising for other disease-related matrix metalloproteinase assay and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor profiling with sensitivity and simplicity. Graphical Abstract Detection of MMP-2 released from living cells by ECL peptide-based biosensor.