Pharmacological reports : PR

An endomorphine analog ([d-Ala(2)]-Endomorphin 2, TAPP) lowers blood pressure and enhances tissue nitric oxide in anesthetized rats.

PMID 26977822


Activation of opioid receptors can alter cardiovascular function, an action possibly mediated by nitric oxide (NO). In this study we examined the effects of ([d-Ala(2)]-Endomorphin 2, TAPP), a synthetic opioid μ-receptor agonist, on blood pressure (MABP), tissue NO bioavailability and renal hemodynamics and excretion. In acute experiments with anesthetized normotensive male Sprague-Dawley rats TAPP was given as a short iv infusion at a dose of 1.2 or 12mg/kg and then MABP, renal medullary NO signal (polarographic electrode), total renal blood flow (RBF, renal artery Transonic probe), renal regional perfusion (laser-Doppler fluxes) and renal excretion were simultaneously measured over 2h. After 1.2mg/kg dose MABP decreased progressively from 121±7 to 114±9mmHg (-6%, p<0.05) while kidney tissue NO signal increased from 29.1±2.7 to 31.7±3.1nA (6%, p<0.04). Both effects were prevented by Naloxone methiodide, a peripheral opioid receptor inhibitor. RBF and renal regional perfusion were not altered by either dose of TAPP; renal sodium excretion changes were highly variable and were not affected by Naloxone pretreatment. Briefly, we found that in anesthetized normotensive rats stimulation of peripheral opioid receptors with TAPP caused a prolonged decrease in arterial pressure, a change that was associated and probably causally related to an increase in tissue NO. The data suggest that synthetic opioids that do not penetrate the blood-brain barrier and are potentially non-addictive could be considered for antihypertensive therapy.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

Naloxone methiodide, ≥98% (HPLC), solid