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The Journal of investigative dermatology

Lce1 Family Members Are Nrf2-Target Genes that Are Induced to Compensate forxa0the Loss of Loricrin.


PMID 27167730

Abstract

Loricrin is a major component of the cornified cell envelope, a highly insoluble structure composed of covalently cross-linked proteins. Although loricrin knockout mice only exhibit a mild transient phenotype at birth, they show a marked delay in the formation of an epidermal barrier in utero. We recently discovered that induction of a compensatory response to repair the defective barrier is initiated by amniotic fluid via activation of NF-E2-related factor 2 and identified Sprr2d and Sprr2h as direct transcriptional targets. Proteomic analysis suggested that other proteins were also incorporated into the loricrin knockout cell envelope, in addition to the small proline rich proteins. Here we present evidence suggesting that the late cornified envelope 1 proteins are also compensatory components as determined by their localization within the loricrin knockout cell envelope via immunoelectron microscopy. We also demonstrate that late cornified envelope 1 genes are upregulated at the transcriptional level in loricrin knockout mouse skin and confirm that late cornified envelope 1 genes are transcriptional targets of NRF2. Our present study further highlights the complexity and importance of a compensatory mechanism that evolved in terrestrial animals to ensure the formation of a functional epidermal barrier.