Molecular cancer therapeutics

Clinical Significance of TLR1 I602S Polymorphism for Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treated with FOLFIRI plus Bevacizumab.

PMID 27196764


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in TLR1, TLR2, TLR6, and TAK1 in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We genotyped 9 SNPs of TLR1, TLR2, TLR6, and TAK1 in mCRC patients treated with first-line FOLFIRI (combination therapy of irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, and folinic acid) plus bevacizumab, using a discovery cohort (TRIBE trial, n = 228) and a validation cohort (FIRE-3 trial, n = 297), and analyzed for the association with response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). There was a significant association of TLR1 rs5743618 (T1805G) with the clinical outcome. In the TRIBE cohort, a homozygous wild-type genotype (T/T) associated with a significantly lower RR compared with variant T/G and G/G genotypes (43% vs. 62%, P = 0.025), and this observation was validated in the FIRE-3 cohort (46% vs. 65%, P = 0.021). In addition, those patients with the T/T genotype had significantly worse PFS (median, 8.2 vs. 10.5 months; HR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.09-2.28, P = 0.014) and OS (median: 19.9 vs. 27.9 months; HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.14-2.35, P = 0.007), compared with those with other genotypes in the TRIBE cohort. These differences remained statistically significant in multivariate analysis. Our data suggest that TLR1 rs5743618 could serve as a predictor of clinical response to FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab in patients with mCRC. Mol Cancer Ther; 15(7); 1740-5. ©2016 AACR.