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Allergology international : official journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology

Lung sound analysis can be an index of the control of bronchial asthma.


PMID 27312512

Abstract

We assessed whether lung sound analysis (LSA) is a valid measure of airway obstruction and inflammation in patients with bronchial asthma during treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). 63 good adherence patients with bronchial asthma and 18 poor adherence patients were examined by LSA, spirometry, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and induced sputum. The expiration-to-inspiration lung sound power ratio at low frequencies between 100 and 200 Hz (E/I LF) obtained by LSA was compared between healthy volunteers and bronchial asthma patients. Next, post-ICS treatment changes were compared in bronchial asthma patients between the good adherence patients and the poor adherence patients. E/I LF was significantly higher in bronchial asthma patients (0.62 ± 0.21) than in healthy volunteers (0.44 ± 0.12, p < 0.001). The good adherence patients demonstrated a significant reduction in E/I LF from pre-treatment to post-treatment (0.55 ± 0.21 to 0.46 ± 0.16, p = 0.002), whereas the poor adherence patients did not show a significant change. The decrease of E/I LF correlated with the improvement of FEV The E/I LF measurement obtained by LSA is useful as an indicator of changes in airway obstruction and inflammation and can be used for monitoring the therapeutic course of bronchial asthma patients.