Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA

Effects of doxorubicin administration on bone strength and quality in sedentary and physically active Wistar rats.

PMID 27318466


Doxorubicin (DOX) is used in pediatric cancer treatment. This study assessed the effects of 7xa0weeks of DOX and 10-week recovery on bone quality and biomechanical properties in sedentary and exercised Wistar rats. DOX decreases femur diaphysis radial growth and biomechanical properties. Some of these DOX effects were aggravated by exercise. Bone growth in pre-pubertal years critically influences adult fracture risk. DOX is widely used in the treatment of pediatric cancers, but there is limited evidence on its potential negative effects on bone growth. Exercise improves bone growth in children, but there is no evidence if it protects against DOX-induced bone toxicity. This study investigates the early and intermediate effects of a 7-week course of DOX on bone histomorphometry and strength in sedentary and exercised growing animal models. Sixty-eight male Wistar rats (8xa0weeks) were treated with DOX (2xa0mgxa0kg(-1)) or vehicle for 7xa0weeks and afterward housed in standard cages or in cages with a running wheel and killed 2 or 10xa0weeks after last DOX administration. Femurs and blood were collected for assaying geometry, trabecular microarchitecture (histology), biomechanical properties (three-point bending and shearing of the femoral neck), bone calcium content and density (atomic absorption spectroscopy), and bone turnover markers (ELISA). DOX treatment reduced the femur diaphysis radial growth, with DOX-treated animals having a lower tissue area, cortical area, cortical thickness, and moment of inertia. DOX also decreased distal femur trabecular bone volume and trabecular number and increased trabecular separation. Femur diaphysis stiffness and maximum load were also reduced in past DOX-treated animals. Exercise was shown to worsen the effects of past DOX treatment on the femur diaphysis mechanical properties. DOX negatively affects bone geometry, trabecular microarchitecture, and femur mechanical properties in growing Wistar rats. Exercise further aggravates the detrimental effects of past DOX treatment on bone mechanical properties.

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p-Xylene-bis(N-pyridinium bromide), ≥95% (TLC)