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Ophthalmic genetics

Clinical and genetic characterization of a large primary open angle glaucoma pedigree.


PMID 27355837

Abstract

To both characterize the clinical features of large primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) pedigree from a village in southern India and to investigate the genetic basis of their disease. Eighty-four members of a large pedigree received complete eye examinations including slit lamp examination, tonometry, gonioscopy, and ophthalmoscopy. Some were further studied with perimetry. Those diagnosed with POAG were tested for disease-causing mutations in the myocilin and optineurin genes with Sanger sequencing. Fourteen of 84 family members were diagnosed with POAG, while eight were clinically judged to be POAG-suspects. The family structure and the pattern of glaucoma in the pedigree are complex. Features of glaucoma in this pedigree include relatively early age at diagnosis (mean 50 ± 14 years) and maximum intraocular pressures ranging from 14 to 36 mm Hg with a mean of 23 mm Hg ± 6.5 mm Hg. Patients had an average central corneal thickness (mean 529 ± 37.8 microns) and moderate cup-to-disc ratios (0.74 ± 0.14). No mutations were detected in myocilin, optineurin, or TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1). We report a five-generation pedigree with a complex pattern of POAG inheritance that includes 22 POAG patients and glaucoma suspects. Although the familial clustering of POAG in this pedigree is consistent with dominant inheritance of a glaucoma-causing gene, mutations were not detected in genes previously associated with autosomal dominant glaucoma, suggesting the involvement of a novel disease-causing gene in this pedigree.