Current eye research

Determination of Three Corticosteroids in the Biologic Matrix of Vitreous Humor by HPLC-tandem Mass Spectrometry: Method Development and Validation.

PMID 27400236


To develop a simple, specific, and rapid method to determine corticosteroid concentrations in vitreous humor. An analytical method based on high-pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) with a simple extraction procedure was developed. New Zealand albino rabbits (n = 54) received a single (0.1 mL) intravitreal injection of dexamethasone (DXM, 0.1 mg), methylprednisolone (MP, 2 mg), or triamcinolone acetonide (TA, 10 mg). Eyes were enucleated and mean vitreous steroid levels were quantified at 12 h and 1, 2, 3, 7, and 14 days. Corticosteroids were extracted from the vitreous with acetonitrile, and TA was extracted with ethyl acetate, yielding high protein precipitation and clean solution samples. Vitreous samples were analyzed by isocratic HPLC-MS with mobile phase comprising acetonitrile and 2 mM ammonium formate buffer in water, pH 3.5. The linear range was 50-100,000 ng/g with a lower quantification limit of 45 ng/g for DXM and MP, and 50 ng/g for TA. Vitreous levels of DXM and MP were not detectable 14 days post-administration. Vitreous levels of TA were positive and stable throughout the study in both injected and control eyes. The HPLC-MS analytical method is an alternative to HPLC-MS/MS methods, sensitive enough for identifying and quantifying steroids in vitreous humor at a therapeutic dosage scale.