APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica

Long-term anti-endotoxin/E. coli efficacy in mice transfected with AAV2/1-muBPI25 -muFcγ1.

PMID 27501062


Bactericidal/permeability increasing (BPI) is an antibiotic protein which kills Gram-negative bacteria and neutralizes endotoxin. We have previously developed a recombinant adeno-associated virus which contains human BPI amino acid residues 1-199 and Fc fragment of human IgG1 gene (AAV-hBPI-Fc) and shown that the recombinant virus can protect mice from lethal endotoxemia. However, whether AAV-hBPI-Fc can be used in vivo for the long term remains unclear. To address this, we established an adeno-associated virus-containing mouse BPI and Fc fragment genes (muBPI-Fc) and compared antigenicity of these recombinant proteins in murine models. Immunohistochemistry showed the expression of both fusion proteins at injected sites. ELISA and Western blotting showed that the muBPI-Fc protein was detected in serum up to 8 weeks after injection, without generation of autoantibodies against muBPI-Fc. In contrast, expressed hBPI-Fc protein was only detected on the 2nd week, whereas the autoantibody against hBPI-Fc protein occurred in serum from the 4th week to the end of study. muBPI-Fc also reduced production of proinflammatory cytokines and protected mice from endotoxemia and bacteremia. Our data showed that AAV-muBPI-Fc has potential long-term efficacy as an anti-endotoxin and has anti-bacterial activity in mice, suggesting the potential clinical application of AAV-hBPI-Fc, such as in endotoxin shock.