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Biologicals : journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization

Evaluation of a microfluidic chip system for preparation of bacterial DNA from swabs, air, and surface water samples.


PMID 27520284

Abstract

The detection of bacterial pathogens from complex sample matrices by PCR requires efficient DNA extraction. In this study, a protocol for extraction and purification of DNA from swabs, air, and water samples using a microfluidic chip system was established. The optimized protocol includes a combination of thermal, chemical and enzymatic lysis followed by chip-based DNA purification using magnetic particles. The procedure was tested using Gram-positive Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner var. kurstaki as a model organism for Bacillus anthracis and the attenuated live vaccine strain of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica as Gram-negative bacterium. The detection limits corresponded to 10(3) genome equivalents per milliliter (GE/ml) for surface water samples spiked with F.xa0tularensis and 10(2)xa0GE/ml for B.xa0thuringiensis. In air, 10xa0GE of F.xa0tularensis per 10xa0L and 1xa0GE of B.xa0thuringiensis per 10xa0L were detectable. For swab samples obtained from artificially contaminated surfaces the detection limits were 4xa0×xa010(3)xa0GE/cm(2) for F.xa0tularensis and 4xa0×xa010(2)xa0GE/cm(2) for B.xa0thuringiensis. Suitability of the chip-assisted procedure for DNA preparation of real samples was demonstrated using livestock samples. The presence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. DNA could be confirmed in air samples collected on pig and broiler farms.