Viral immunology

Ionotropic Purinergic Receptors P2X4 and P2X7: Proviral or Antiviral? An Insight into P2X Receptor Signaling and Hepatitis C Virus Infection.

PMID 27526181


Purinergic P2X receptors are plasma membrane bound, ATP-gated ion channels that are expressed on wide range of cells and respond to varying ATP concentrations in extracellular environment. Upon activation they increase membrane permeability for Ca(2+) ions and trigger a cascade of signaling complexes. During the course of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, ATP is released from the infected hepatocyte, which binds with Purinergic receptors (P2X) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and initiate downstream signaling pathways by disturbing the ionic balance of the cell. The present study investigates quantitative expression of P2X7 and P2X4 along with selected host genes PEPCK, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), MAPK, Rho, and Akt in PBMCs of chronic HCV infection patients. PBMCs were isolated from collected blood samples of study subjects. Transcript analysis of P2X7, P2X4, and targeted downstream genes was done using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Relative expression analysis was performed by unpaired Student's t test on GraphPad Prism version 5. We found a notable increase of threefolds and 1.8-folds in the expression of P2X7 and P2X4 receptors in treatment naïve category while the expression of PEPCK, TGF-β, MAPK, AKT, and Rho A increased by 2.8, 1.9, 2.2, 2.2, and 1.8-folds, respectively. In sustained virological response patients, P2X7 significantly increased up to 3.5-folds while the expression of P2X4 receptor was increased up to twofold. In third category, treatment nonresponder, the expression of P2X7, P2X4 receptors, and targeted markers remained un-altered. This study deals with two major aspects of P2X4 and P2X7 receptors in PBMCs of chronic HCV individuals. One is their role in providing antiviral immunity to host against HCV; second aspect is the role of P2X receptors in inducing HCV pathogenesis via AKT, TGF-β, Rho A, PEPCK, and MAPK expression.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

Histopaque®-1077, sterile-filtered, density: 1.077 g/mL