EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

European journal of biochemistry

Human gastric lipase. The N-terminal tetrapeptide is essential for lipid binding and lipase activity.


PMID 2753032

Abstract

Human gastric lipase subjected to limited tryptic proteolysis lost its ability to hydrolyze emulsified long-chain triacylglycerol. Activity against a water-soluble substrate was however retained, indicating that proteolysis did not affect the active site. Sequence analysis revealed that trypsin specifically cleaved the linkage between lysine-4 and leucine-5. This cleavage rendered the enzyme unable to bind to emulsified triacylglycerol particles, e.g. human milk fat globules. We suggest that the N-terminal tetrapeptide, in particular lysine-4, is essential for the binding of human gastric lipase to lipid/water interfaces, and hence, for its physiological function.