Clinical and experimental immunology

The pattern of GPI-80 expression is a useful marker for unusual myeloid maturation in peripheral blood.

PMID 27569996


Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have a wide spectrum of immunosuppressive activity; control of these cells is a new target for improving clinical outcomes in cancer patients. MDSCs originate from unusual differentiation of neutrophils or monocytes induced by inflammatory cytokines, including granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage (GM)-CSF. However, MDSCs are difficult to detect in neutrophil or monocyte populations because they are not uniform cells, resembling both neutrophils and monocytes; thus, they exist in a heterogeneous population. In this study, we investigated GPI-80, a known regulator of Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) and associated closely with neutrophil maturation, to clarify this unusual differentiation. First, we demonstrated that the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of GPI-80 and coefficient of variation (CV) of GPI-80 were increased by treatment with G-CSF and GM-CSF, respectively, using a human promyelocytic leukaemia (HL60) cell differentiation model. To confirm the value of GPI-80 as a marker of unusual differentiation, we measured GPI-80 expression and MDSC functions using peripheral blood cells from metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. The GPI-80 CV was augmented significantly in the CD16(hi) neutrophil cell population, and GPI-80 MFI was increased significantly in the CD33(hi) monocyte cell population. Furthermore, the GPI-80 CV in the CD16(hi) population was correlated inversely with the proliferative ability of T cells and the GPI-80 MFI of the CD33(hi) population was correlated with reactive oxygen species production. These results led us to propose that the pattern of GPI-80 expression in these populations is a simple and useful marker for unusual differentiation, which is related to MDSC functions.