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Journal of clinical lipidology

Long-term mipomersen treatment is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.


PMID 27578134

Abstract

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by severely elevated LDL-cholesterol and up to a 20-fold increase in premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Mipomersen has been shown to lower the levels of these atherogenic lipoproteins, but whether it lowers major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) has not been addressed. This post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data of three randomized trials and an open-label extension phase included patients that were exposed to ≥12xa0months of mipomersen. MACE rates that occurred during 24xa0months before randomization in the mipomersen group were compared to MACE rates after initiation of mipomersen. Data from the trials included in this report are registered in Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00607373, NCT00706849, NCT00794664, NCT00694109). The occurrence of MACE events, defined as cardiovascular death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, coronary revascularization and nonfatal ischemic stroke, was obtained from medical history data pre-treatment and adjudicated by an independent adjudication committee for events occurring post-treatment with mipomersen. MACEs were identified in 61.5% of patients (64 patients with 146 events [39 myocardial infarctions, 99 coronary revascularizations, 5 unstable angina episodes, 3 ischemic strokes]) during 24xa0months before mipomersen treatment, and in 9.6% of patients (10 patients with 13 events [1 cardiovascular death, 2 myocardial infarctions, 6 coronary interventions, 4 unstable angina episodes]) during a mean of 24.4xa0months after initiation of mipomersen (MACE rate 25.7 of 1000 patient-months vs 3.9 of 1000 patient-months, ORxa0=xa00.053 [95% CI, 0.016-0.168], Pxa0