Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society

Clinical Significance of Peripheral Endothelial Function for Left Atrial Blood Stagnation in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Low-to-Intermediate Stroke Risk.

PMID 27593228


In patients who have atrial fibrillation (AF) with CHADS2score of 0-1 (categorized as low-to-intermediate risk), there is little information on stratifying the risk of stroke. This study aimed to determine whether impaired endothelial function assessed by reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) predicted left atrial blood stagnation in these patients. We enrolled 81 consecutive patients with nonvalvular AF. The reactive hyperemia index (RHI) was measured using RH-PAT. Transesophageal echocardiography was performed to determine spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) before direct-current cardioversion or radiofrequency catheter ablation. SEC was found in 49 patients (60%). The RHI was significantly lower in patients with than without SEC. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that RHI was one of the independent determinants of SEC (OR per 0.1, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.11-1.49; P=0.002) in all patients. In addition, RHI was a significant determinant of SEC (AUC, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.63-0.89; P=0.0017) in patients with low-to-intermediate risk. At an RHI cut-off <1.62, the sensitivity and specificity for the identification of patients with SEC were 58% and 89%, respectively. Impaired endothelial function assessed by RH-PAT might help to predict the presence of SEC in patients with low-to-intermediate risk of stroke. (Circ J 2016; 80: 2117-2123).

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(+)-Biotin 4-nitrophenyl ester, 98%