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Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology

From the Cover: Coagulation-Driven Hepatic Fibrosis Requires Protease Activated Receptor-1 (PAR-1) in a Mouse Model of TCDD-Elicited Steatohepatitis.


PMID 27613713

Abstract

Emerging evidence supports a role for environmental chemical exposure in the pathology of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a disease process tightly linked to increased activity of the blood coagulation cascade. Exposure of C57BL/6 mice to the persistent environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) recapitulates features of the NAFLD spectrum, including steatosis, hepatic injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. We assessed coagulation cascade activation, and determined the role of the thrombin receptor protease activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) in experimental TCDD-elicited NAFLD. Chronic exposure to TCDD (30 µg/kg every 4 days for 28 days) was associated with intrahepatic coagulation, indicated by increased plasma thrombin-antithrombin levels and hepatic fibrin(ogen) deposition. PAR-1 deficiency diminished TCDD-elicited body weight loss and relative liver weight was reduced in TCDD-exposed PAR-1