AAPS PharmSciTech

Design and Evaluation of Novel Solid Self-Nanodispersion Delivery System for Andrographolide.

PMID 27620195


Poorly water-soluble drugs offer challenges in developing a formulation product with adequate bioavailability. This study took advantage of the features of nanocrystals and direct compression technologies to develop a novel solid self-nanodispersion delivery system for andrographolide (Andro) in order to increase its dissolution rate for enhancing bioavailability. Andro nanosuspensions (Andro-NS) with a particle size of about 500 nm were prepared by homogenization technology and further converted into dried nanocrystal particles (Andro-NP) via spray-drying. The solid self-nanodispersion delivery system (Andro-SNDS)-loaded Andro-NP was prepared via direct compression technology. The DSC and PXRD results demonstrated that the Andro nanocrystals retained its original crystallinity. The dissolution of the Andro-SNDS formulation was 85.87% in pure water over 30 min, better than those of the coarse Andro and physical mixture of Andro and stabilizer. And the C max (299.32 ± 78.54 ng/mL) and AUC0-∞ (4440.55 ± 764.13 mg/L · h) of the Andro-SNDS formulation were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than those of the crude Andro (77.52 ± 31.73 ng/mL and 1437.79 ± 354.25 mg/L · h). The AUC of the Andro-SNDS was 3.09 times as high as that of the crude Andro. This study illustrated a novel approach to combine the features of nanocrystals and composite particles used to improve oral bioavailability of poorly soluble drug.