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Biochimica et biophysica acta

The effect of polyethylene glycol-modified lipids on the interaction of HIV-1 derived peptide-dendrimer complexes with lipid membranes.


PMID 27620331

Abstract

In this study, dendrimers have been purposed as an alternative approach for delivery of HIV peptides to dendritic cells. We have investigated the interaction of dendriplexes formed from polyanionic HIV peptide Nef and cationic carbosilane dendrimer (CBD) with model lipid membranes - large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs), Langmuir monolayers and supported lipid membranes (sBLMs) containing various molar ratio of zwitterionic 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy (polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000). In our experiments, the lipid membranes represented the model of the plasma membrane of the cell. PEGylated lipids were used in order to model glycocalyx which constitutes the outer leaflet of cellular membranes. The presence of PEGylated lipids resulted in an increase of the phase transition temperature of the lipid bilayer of LUVs, in a decrease of specific volume and adiabatic compressibility. Fluorescence anisotropy study suggests that PEGylated LUVs possessed higher lipid order and decreased fluidity when compared to zwitterionic DMPC vesicles. The interaction of dendriplexes with monolayers was accompanied by the formation of the aggregates as revealed by BAM experiments. This conclusion has been confirmed also by AFM imaging of sBLMs. We have demonstrated that dendriplexes interact with lipid membranes for all types of lipid composition. Moreover, the stronger interaction of cationic dendrimer/peptide complexes with lipid monolayers, vesicles and sBLMs was observed for membranes composed of zwitterionic lipids than for PEGylated lipid membranes. Increased concentration of PEGylated lipids made this interaction weaker.

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