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Photomedicine and laser surgery

Regulation of RANKL-Induced Osteoclastogenesis by 635-nm Light-Emitting Diode Irradiation Via HSP27 in Bone Marrow-Derived Macrophages.


PMID 27626322

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the effect of 635-nm irradiation from a light-emitting diode (LED) on osteoclastogenesis in receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-stimulated mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs). We determined whether 635-nm irradiation modulated the RANKL-induced osteoclastic signaling pathway in heat shock protein-27 (HSP27)-silenced cells and analyzed the functional cross talk between these factors in osteoclastic differentiation and activation. HSP27, a member of the small HSP family, regulates oxidative stress. Clinical reports suggest that low-level laser therapy or LED therapy (LEDT) could be an effective alternative treatment for osteolytic bone disease. In control or HSP27-siRNA-treated BMMs, the effects of LED irradiation with 635 nm and 5 mW/cm The 635-nm irradiation treatment significantly increased HSP27 expression and decreased intracellular ROS generation, as well as p38 and AKT phosphorylation, leading to reductions in the expression of c-fos, NFATc1, and DC-STAMP and TRAP activation and osteoclastic bone resorption in RANKL-induced BMMs. However, in HSP27-silenced BMMs, no change was observed. Thus, 635-nm irradiation modulates RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis via HSP27 in BMMs. Thus, HSP27 may play a role in regulating the osteoclastic response to LEDT.