Acta biomaterialia

Development of multifunctional films for peripheral nerve regeneration.

PMID 27693689


In this study, a poly(lactic acid) (PLLA) porous film with longitudinal surface micropatterns was fabricated by a dry phase inversion technique to be used as potential conduit material for peripheral nerve regeneration applications. The presence of a nerve growth factor (NGF) gradient on the patterned film surface and protein loaded, surface-eroding, biodegradable, and amphiphilic polyanhydride (PA) microparticles within the film matrix, enabled co-delivery of neurotrophic factors with controlled release properties and enhanced neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells. The protein loading capacity of PA particles was increased up to 80% using the spray drying technique, while the surface loading of NGF reached 300ng/cm This manuscript focuses on the development of multifunctional degradable polymer films that provide topographic cues for guided growth, surface gradients of growth factors as well as nanoparticles in the films for tunable release of growth factors to enable peripheral nerve regeneration. The combination of cues was designed to overcome limitations of current strategies to facilitate peripheral nerve regeneration. These multifunctional films successfully provided high protein loading capacities while persevering activity, protein gradients on the surface, and tunable release of bioactive nerve growth factor that promoted directional and guided neurite extension of PC12 cells of up to 10μm in 2days. These multifunctional films can be made into conduits for peripheral nerve regeneration.

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