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Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

NQO1 and CYP450 reductase decrease the systemic exposure of rifampicin-quinone and mediate its redox cycle in rats.


PMID 27693756

Abstract

Rifampicin (RIF) is used in regimens for infections caused by Mycobacteria accompanied by serious adverse reactions. Rifampicin-quinone (RIF-Q) is a major autoxidation product of RIF. It is not clear whether RIF-Q plays a role in RIF induced adverse reactions. Investigation of the systemic exposure of RIF-Q is helpful to better understand the role of RIF-Q in RIF induced adverse reactions. In this study, a simple and reproducible high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method involving a procedure to prevent the RIF from oxidation for simultaneous quantification of RIF and RIF-Q in rat plasma has been developed and validated, and applied to elucidate the systemic exposure of RIF-Q in rats. The pharmacokinetics data showed that the systemic exposure of RIF-Q was very low (0.67% of RIF, AUC