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Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of nine cytochrome P450 probe drugs and their corresponding metabolites in human serum and urine.


PMID 27734142

Abstract

Cocktail phenotyping using specific probe drugs for cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes provides information on the real-time activity of multiple CYPs. We investigated different sample preparation techniques and validated a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method with simple protein precipitation for the analysis of nine CYP probe drugs and their metabolites in human serum and urine. Specific CYP probe drugs (melatonin, CYP1A2; nicotine, CYP2A6; bupropion, CYP2B6; repaglinide, CYP2C8; losartan, CYP2C9; omeprazole, CYP2C19 and CYP3A4; dextromethorphan, CYP2D6; chlorzoxazone, CYP2E; midazolam, CYP3A4) and their main metabolites, with the exception of 3'-hydroxyrepaglinide, were quantified in human serum and urine using the developed LC-MS/MS method. The analytical method was fully validated showing high selectivity, linearity, acceptable accuracy (85-115 %) and precision (2-19 %) and applied to a pharmacokinetic study in four healthy volunteers after oral administration of drugs given as a cocktail. All probe drugs and their metabolites (totally 19 analytes) were detected and quantified from human serum and urine over the time range of 1 to 6 h after oral administration. Therefore, the proposed method is applicable for drug interaction and CYP phenotyping studies utilizing a cocktail approach. Graphical Abstract Workflow overwiew of cocktail CYP-phenotyping study.

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