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Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology

Mobilization of TLR4 Into Lipid Rafts by Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans in Gingival Epithelial Cells.


PMID 27744428

Abstract

An investigation of the mechanisms underlying the production of inflammatory cytokines through the stimulation of microorganisms on gingival epithelial cells may provide insights into the pathogenesis of the initiation of periodontitis. Lipid rafts, microdomains in the cell membrane, include a large number of receptors, and are centrally involved in signal transduction. We herein examined the involvement of lipid rafts in the expression of interleukin (IL-6) and IL-8 in gingival epithelial cells stimulated by periodontal pathogens. OBA9, a human gingival cell line, was stimulated by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in the presence of methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD). A. actinomycetemcomitans or TNF-α increased IL-8 and IL-6 mRNA levels, and promoted the phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAP kinase in OBA9. The pretreatment with MβCD abolished increases in IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA levels and the phosphorylation induced by A. actinomycetemcomitans, but did not suppress the response induced by TNF-α. The transfection of TLR4 inhibited A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced increases in IL-8 and IL-6 mRNA levels. Confocal microscopy revealed that MβCD inhibited the mobilization of TLR4 into lipid rafts. The mobilization of TLR4 into lipid rafts is involved in the expression of inflammatory cytokines and phosphorylation of MAP kinase in human gingival epithelial cells stimulated by A. actinomycetemcomitans.

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