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Biomacromolecules

Extracellular Matrix-Coated Composite Scaffolds Promote Mesenchymal Stem Cell Persistence and Osteogenesis.


PMID 27744699

Abstract

Composite scaffolds of bioactive glass and poly(lactide-co-glycolide) provide advantages over homogeneous scaffolds, yet their therapeutic potential can be improved by strategies that promote adhesion and present instructive cues to associated cells. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-secreted extracellular matrix (ECM) enhances survival and function of associated cells. To synergize the benefits of an instructive ECM with composite scaffolds, we tested the capacity of ECM-coated composite scaffolds to promote cell persistence and resultant osteogenesis. Human MSCs cultured on ECM-coated scaffolds exhibited increased metabolic activity and decreased apoptosis compared to uncoated scaffolds. Additionally, MSCs on ECM-coated substrates in short-term culture secreted more proangiogenic factors while maintaining markers of osteogenic differentiation. Upon implantation, we detected improved survival of MSCs on ECM-coated scaffolds over 3 weeks. Histological evaluation revealed enhanced cellularization and osteogenic differentiation in ECM-coated scaffolds compared to controls. These findings demonstrate the promise of blending synthetic and natural ECMs and their potential in tissue regeneration.