Journal of cell science

Acute stimulation of glucose influx upon mitoenergetic dysfunction requires LKB1, AMPK, Sirt2 and mTOR-RAPTOR.

PMID 27793977


Mitochondria play a central role in cellular energy production, and their dysfunction can trigger a compensatory increase in glycolytic flux to sustain cellular ATP levels. Here, we studied the mechanism of this homeostatic phenomenon in C2C12 myoblasts. Acute (30 min) mitoenergetic dysfunction induced by the mitochondrial inhibitors piericidin A and antimycin A stimulated Glut1-mediated glucose uptake without altering Glut1 (also known as SLC2A1) mRNA or plasma membrane levels. The serine/threonine liver kinase B1 (LKB1; also known as STK11) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) played a central role in this stimulation. In contrast, ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM; a potential AMPK kinase) and hydroethidium (HEt)-oxidizing reactive oxygen species (ROS; increased in piericidin-A- and antimycin-A-treated cells) appeared not to be involved in the stimulation of glucose uptake. Treatment with mitochondrial inhibitors increased NAD