Archives of pharmacal research

Prunin is a highly potent flavonoid from Prunus davidiana stems that inhibits protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B and stimulates glucose uptake in insulin-resistant HepG2 cells.

PMID 27798765


Prunin is the main flavonoid in Prunus davidiana stems and improves hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro anti-diabetic potential of prunin via the inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), α-glucosidase, peroxynitrite (ONOO(-))-mediated tyrosine nitration, and stimulation of glucose uptake in insulin-resistant hepatocytes. In addition, a molecular docking simulation was performed to predict specific prunin binding modes during PTP1B inhibition. Prunin showed strong inhibitory activity against PTP1B, with an IC50 value of 5.5xa0±xa00.29xa0µM, and significant inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase, with an IC50 value of 317xa0±xa02.12xa0µM. Moreover, a kinetics study revealed that prunin inhibited PTP1B (K ixa0=xa08.66) and α-glucosidase (K ixa0=xa0189.56) with characteristics typical of competitive and mixed type inhibitors, respectively. Docking simulations showed that prunin selectively inhibited PTP1B by targeting its active site and exhibited good binding affinity, with a docking score of -9xa0kcal/mol. Furthermore, prunin exhibited dose-dependent inhibitory activity against ONOO(-)-mediated tyrosine nitration and stimulated glucose uptake by decreasing PTP1B expression level in insulin-resistant HepG2 cells. These results indicate that prunin has significant potential as a selective PTP1B inhibitor and may possess anti-diabetic properties by improving insulin resistance.