American journal of physiology. Cell physiology

Functional loss of DHRS7C induces intracellular Ca2+ overload and myotube enlargement in C2C12 cells via calpain activation.

PMID 27806939


Dehydrogenase/reductase member 7C (DHRS7C) is a newly identified NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase that is expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle and localized in the endoplasmic/sarcoplasmic reticulum (ER/SR). However, its functional role in muscle cells remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the role of DHRS7C by analyzing mouse C2C12 myoblasts deficient in DHRS7C (DHRS7C-KO cells), overexpressing wild-type DHRS7C (DHRS7C-WT cells), or expressing mutant DHRS7C [DHRS7C-Y191F or DHRS7C-K195Q cells, harboring point mutations in the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain (YXXXK)]. DHRS7C expression was induced as C2C12 myoblasts differentiated into mature myotubes, whereas DHRS7C-KO myotubes exhibited enlarged cellular morphology after differentiation. Notably, both DHRS7C-Y191F and DHRS7C-K195Q cells also showed similar enlarged cellular morphology, suggesting that the NAD/NADH-dependent dehydrogenase catalytic core domain is pivotal for DHRS7C function. In DHRS7C-KO, DHRS7C-Y191F, and DHRS7C-K195Q cells, the resting level of cytosolic Ca