Biochimica et biophysica acta

Soluble CD14 inhibits contractile function and insulin action in primary adult rat cardiomyocytes.

PMID 27816522


Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) from patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by monocyte infiltrations and displays an elevated release of the monocyte marker soluble cluster of differentiation 14 (sCD14) versus EAT from patients without T2D. We propose that an increased abundance of sCD14 in EAT from patients with T2D may impair the function and insulin sensitivity of the adjacent cardiomyocytes. To examine this, primary adult rat cardiomyocytes were incubated with increasing concentrations of sCD14 in the presence and absence of the co-receptor lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and analyzed for effects on determinants of contractile function, activation of inflammation signalling and insulin action. Exposing cardiomyocytes to sCD14 increased the phosphorylation of the stress kinases p38 and extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK). In contrast, insulin-mediated phosphorylation of Akt on Thr308 and Ser473 was inhibited. Furthermore, sCD14 impaired sarcomere shortening and cytosolic Ca(2+)-fluxes. All responses were concentration-dependent and became significant at 1ng/ml sCD14. LPS, either alone or in complex with sCD14, did not affect contractile function or the activation of stress kinases and insulin signalling pathways. Similar data on protein phosphorylation were obtained when exposing human umbilical vein endothelial cells to sCD14. Finally, pharmacological inhibition of p38 reversed the detrimental effects of sCD14 on contractile function, but not on sCD14-induced insulin resistance. Collectively, these data show that sCD14 impairs the function and insulin sensitivity of cardiomyocytes, suggesting that an enhanced sCD14 release from EAT in patients with T2D may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetes-related cardiometabolic complications.