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Aurora B kinase is required for cell cycle progression in silkworm.


PMID 27836666

Abstract

Aurora B kinase, a member of serine/threonine kinase family, is the catalytic subunit of the chromosomal passenger complex and is essential for chromosome alignment, chromosome segregation, and cytokinesis during mitosis. Here, we cloned the full-length cDNA sequence of silkworm Aurora B (BmAurB) gene and predicted that BmAurB protein contains a conserved S_TKc domain. Phylogenetic analysis between BmAurB and other Aurora kinases indicates that Aurora kinases may have evolved after separation between mammalian and insect, and prior to radiation of either mammalian or insects. RT-PCR examination revealed that the expression of the BmAurB gene was high in mitotic cycling gonads, moderate in mitotic cycling brain, and undetectable in endocycling silk gland during silkworm larval development. RNAi or inhibitor-mediated inhibition of the BmAurB gene in silkworm ovary-derived BmN4-SID1 cells disrupted cell cycle progression during mitosis and induced an accumulation of polyploid cells, cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase, chromosome misalignment, chromosome bridge, and bi-nucleation. Taken together, our results suggest that the BmAurB gene is required for cell cycle progression in silkworm.

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