The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Reveglucosidase alfa (BMN 701), an IGF2-Tagged rhAcid α-Glucosidase, Improves Respiratory Functional Parameters in a Murine Model of Pompe Disease.

PMID 27856936


Pompe disease is a rare neuromuscular disorder caused by an acid α-glucosidase (GAA) deficiency resulting in glycogen accumulation in muscle, leading to myopathy and respiratory weakness. Reveglucosidase alfa (BMN 701) is an insulin-like growth factor 2-tagged recombinant human acid GAA (rhGAA) that enhances rhGAA cellular uptake via a glycosylation-independent insulin-like growth factor 2 binding region of the cation-independent mannose-6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR). The studies presented here evaluated the effects of Reveglucosidase alfa treatment on glycogen clearance in muscle relative to rhGAA, as well as changes in respiratory function and glycogen clearance in respiratory-related tissue in a Pompe mouse model (GAA(tm1Rabn)/J). In a comparison of glycogen clearance in muscle with Reveglucosidase alfa and rhGAA, Reveglucosidase alfa was more effective than rhGAA with 2.8-4.7 lower EC50 values, probably owing to increased cellular uptake. The effect of weekly intravenous administration of Reveglucosidase alfa on respiratory function was monitored in Pompe and wild-type mice using whole body plethysmography. Over 12 weeks of 20-mg/kg Reveglucosidase alfa treatment in Pompe mice, peak inspiratory flow (PIF) and peak expiratory flow (PEF) stabilized with no compensation in respiratory rate and inspiratory time during hypercapnic and recovery conditions compared with vehicle-treated Pompe mice. Dose-related decreases in glycogen levels in both ambulatory and respiratory muscles generally correlated to changes in respiratory function. Improvement of murine PIF and PEF were similar in magnitude to increases in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure observed clinically in late onset Pompe patients treated with Reveglucosidase alfa (Byrne et al., manuscript in preparation).

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DPH, ≥98% (HPLC)