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American journal of physiology. Renal physiology

Knockdown of Add3 impairs the myogenic response of renal afferent arterioles and middle cerebral arteries.


PMID 27927653

Abstract

We have reported that the myogenic response of the renal afferent arteriole (Af-art) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) and autoregulation of renal and cerebral blood flow are impaired in Fawn-Hooded Hypertensive (FHH) rats. Transfer of a region of chromosome 1 containing γ-adducin (Add3) from the Brown Norway rat rescued the vascular dysfunction and the development of renal disease. To examine whether Add3 is a viable candidate gene altering renal and cerebral hemodynamics in FHH rats, we knocked down the expression of Add3 in rat Af-arts and MCAs cultured for 36-h using a 27-mer Dicer-substrate short interfering RNA (DsiRNA). Control Af-arts constricted by 10 ± 1% in response to an elevation in pressure from 60 to 120 mmHg but dilated by 4 ± 3% when treated with Add3 DsiRNA. Add3 DsiRNA had no effect on the vasoconstrictor response of the Af-art to norepinephrine (10