American journal of physiology. Renal physiology

Knockdown of Add3 impairs the myogenic response of renal afferent arterioles and middle cerebral arteries.

PMID 27927653


We have reported that the myogenic response of the renal afferent arteriole (Af-art) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) and autoregulation of renal and cerebral blood flow are impaired in Fawn-Hooded Hypertensive (FHH) rats. Transfer of a region of chromosome 1 containing γ-adducin (Add3) from the Brown Norway rat rescued the vascular dysfunction and the development of renal disease. To examine whether Add3 is a viable candidate gene altering renal and cerebral hemodynamics in FHH rats, we knocked down the expression of Add3 in rat Af-arts and MCAs cultured for 36-h using a 27-mer Dicer-substrate short interfering RNA (DsiRNA). Control Af-arts constricted by 10 ± 1% in response to an elevation in pressure from 60 to 120 mmHg but dilated by 4 ± 3% when treated with Add3 DsiRNA. Add3 DsiRNA had no effect on the vasoconstrictor response of the Af-art to norepinephrine (10(-7) M). Add3 DsiRNA had a similar effect on the attenuation of the myogenic response in the MCA. Peak potassium currents were threefold higher in smooth muscle cells isolated from Af-arts or MCAs transfected with Add3 DsiRNA than in nontransfected cells isolated from the same vessels. This is the first study demonstrating that Add3 plays a role in the regulation of potassium channel function and vascular reactivity. It supports the hypothesis that sequence variants in Add3, which we previously identified in FHH rats, may play a causal role in the impaired myogenic response and autoregulation in the renal and cerebral circulation.