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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Nurr1 overexpression exerts neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory roles via down-regulating CCL2 expression in both in vivo and in vitro Parkinson's disease models.


PMID 27940361

Abstract

The abnormality of nuclear receptor-related protein 1 (Nurr1) in expression and function can contribute to neurodegeneration of dopaminergic neurons and occurrence of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its related mechanism in PD is still unknown. In this study, we found that Nurr1 was down-regulated and CCL2 was up-regulated in PD patients and PD mice. CCL2 promoted apoptosis and secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β in SH-SY5Y cells and inhibited cell viability while knockdown of CCL2 exerted the opposite effects. Nurr1 overexpression inhibited apoptosis, the release of TNF-α and IL-1β and promoted viability in α-Syn-treated SH-SY5Y cells, which was markedly promoted by CCL2 antibody and dramatically reversed by CCL2. Nurr1 overexpression negatively regulated CCL2 expression in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, Nurr1 overexpression remarkably relieved MPTP-induced movement disorder and spatial memory deficits and played neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory roles in MPTP-induced PD mice by down-regulating CCL2 in vivo. In conclusion, Nurr1 overexpression exerts neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory roles via down-regulating CCL2 in both in vivo and in vitro PD models, contributing to developing mechanism-based and neuroprotective strategies against PD.

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EHU021511 MISSION® esiRNA, esiRNA human CCL2 (esiRNA1)