Food chemistry

Cloud point extraction and diffuse reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic determination of chromium(VI): A probe to adulteration in food stuffs.

PMID 27979229


A new cloud point extraction (CPE) method for the determination of hexavalent chromium i.e. Cr(VI) in food samples is established with subsequent diffuse reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (DRS-FTIR) analysis. The method demonstrates enrichment of Cr(VI) after its complexation with 1,5-diphenylcarbazide. The reddish-violet complex formed showed λmax at 540nm. Micellar phase separation at cloud point temperature of non-ionic surfactant, Triton X-100 occurred and complex was entrapped in surfactant and analyzed using DRS-FTIR. Under optimized conditions, the limit of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were 1.22 and 4.02μgmL(-1), respectively. Excellent linearity with correlation coefficient value of 0.94 was found for the concentration range of 1-100μgmL(-1). At 10μgmL(-1) the standard deviation for 7 replicate measurements was found to be 0.11μgmL(-1). The method was successfully applied to commercially marketed food stuffs, and good recoveries (81-112%) were obtained by spiking the real samples.