The Science of the total environment

Heavy metals removal using hydrogel-supported nanosized hydrous ferric oxide: Synthesis, characterization, and mechanism.

PMID 27986316


A new polymer-supported hybrid adsorbent (HFO-P(TAA/HEA)) for highly efficient removal of Pb(2+), Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Ni(2+) from wastewater was developed by supporting hydrous ferric oxide (HFO) nanoparticles onto a porous poly(trans-Aconitic acid/2-hydroxyethyl acrylate) hydrogel (P(TAA/HEA)) with in situ precipitation method. Swelling kinetics, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used for characterization of the prepared HFO-P(TAA/HEA). The characterization data demonstrated that the hybrid hydrogel HFO-P(TAA/HEA) was successfully fabricated, and swelling ability as well as thermal stability was promoted after loading. The results of batch equilibrium experiments indicated that pH and temperature significantly influenced the adsorption process and adsorption of heavy metals was better fitted to Langmuir and pseudo-second-order models. Selectivity of HFO-P(TAA/HEA) towards heavy metals was greatly improved under the calcium ions competition at higher concentration compared to P(TAA/HEA). Competitive adsorption evidenced the priority order in multifold metal species system was Pb(2+)>Cu(2+)>Ni(2+)>Cd(2+). What's more, FTIR and XPS analyses manifested that heavy metals might mainly be adsorbed via inner sphere complexation. These findings revealed that hydrogel HFO-P(TAA/HEA) is a potential adsorption material to remove the heavy metals from polluted water.

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