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Carbohydrate polymers

Chitosan nanoparticles for combined drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia: From preparation to in vitro studies.


PMID 27987939

Abstract

Chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) ionically crosslinked with tripolyphosphate salts (TPP) were employed as nanocarriers in combined drug delivery and magnetic hyperthermia (MH) therapy. To that aim, three different ferrofluid concentrations and a constant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) concentration were efficiently encapsulated to yield magnetic CSNPs with core-shell morphology. In vitro experiments using normal cells, fibroblasts (FHB) and cancer cells, human glioblastoma A-172, showed that CSNPs presented a dose-dependent cytotoxicity and that they were successfully uptaken into both cell lines. The application of a MH treatment in A-172 cells resulted in a cell viability of 67-75% whereas no significant reduction of cell viability was observed for FHB. However, the A-172 cells showed re-growth populations 4h after the application of the MH treatment when CSNPs were loaded only with ferrofluid. Finally, a combined effect of MH and 5-FU release was observed with the application of a second MH treatment for CSNPs exhibiting a lower amount of released 5-FU. This result demonstrates the potential of CSNPs for the improvement of MH therapies.