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ACS applied materials & interfaces

Bioengineered Osteoinductive Broussonetia kazinoki/Silk Fibroin Composite Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Regeneration.


PMID 28001353

Abstract

In this article, Broussonetia kazinoki (BK) powdery extract is utilized to modify the silk fibroin (SF) scaffold and applied to the bone defect area. The BK/SF scaffold is an efficient cell carrier which promotes cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rBMSCs (bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells). We confirmed biocompatibility and osteogenic differentiation capacity of BK/SF scaffolds compared to pristine SF scaffold in both in vitro and in vivo evaluation. Gene expression related to osteogenic differentiation and bone regeneration significantly upregulated in the BK/SF scaffold group. The implanted scaffolds were attached well to the surface of the bone defect region and integrated with surrounding tissues without significant inflammatory reaction. Furthermore, almost 45% of bone volume has been recovered at 8 weeks postsurgery, while the SF and control group showed 20% recovery. These results suggest that BK powdery extract incorporated with an SF scaffold might be a suitable substitute for an alternative bone graft for bone regeneration.