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The Journal of biological chemistry

Nuclear Localization of Integrin Cytoplasmic Domain-associated Protein-1 (ICAP1) Influences β1 Integrin Activation and Recruits Krev/Interaction Trapped-1 (KRIT1) to the Nucleus.


PMID 28003363

Abstract

Binding of ICAP1 (integrin cytoplasmic domain-associated protein-1) to the cytoplasmic tails of β1 integrins inhibits integrin activation. ICAP1 also binds to KRIT1 (Krev interaction trapped-1), a protein whose loss of function leads to cerebral cavernous malformation, a cerebrovascular dysplasia occurring in up to 0.5% of the population. We previously showed that KRIT1 functions as a switch for β1 integrin activation by antagonizing ICAP1-mediated inhibition of integrin activation. Here we use overexpression studies, mutagenesis, and flow cytometry to show that ICAP1 contains a functional nuclear localization signal and that nuclear localization impairs the ability of ICAP1 to suppress integrin activation. Moreover, we find that ICAP1 drives the nuclear localization of KRIT1 in a manner dependent upon a direct ICAP1/KRIT1 interaction. Thus, nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of ICAP1 influences both integrin activation and KRIT1 localization, presumably impacting nuclear functions of KRIT1.