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Ultrasonics sonochemistry

Aromatic profile and sensory characterisation of ultrasound treated cranberry juice and nectar.


PMID 28012791

Abstract

Ultrasonication is a nonthermal food processing technology that is used in several applications (extraction, pretreatment before drying, freezing, inactivation of microorganisms etc.). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high power ultrasound and pasteurisation on the aroma profile and sensory properties of cranberry juice and nectar. Samples were treated according to the experimental design, with high power sonicator at ultrasound frequency of 20kHz under various conditions (treatment time 3, 6 and 9min, sample temperature: 20, 40 and 60°C and amplitude 60, 90 and 120μm). The aromatic profiles of juices showed that, compared to the untreated samples of juices and nectars, the ultrasonic treatment led to the formation of new compounds or to the disappearance of compounds that were found in the untreated samples. Samples treated at the highest amplitude (120μm) were used for evaluation and comparison with untreated and pasteurised samples using electronic tongue study. Principle component analysis (PCA) confirmed the results of electronic tongue study, which showed that the ultrasound-treated and pasteurised juices had different scores compared to the untreated samples. Sensory evaluation showed that ultrasonically treated and pasteurised juices received lower scores in comparison with the untreated samples.