Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology

The lipoxin A4 agonist BML-111 attenuates acute hepatic dysfunction induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats.

PMID 28035464


Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response associating severe infection leading to multi-organ failure, such as hepatic dysfunction. This study investigates the possible hepatoprotective effect of the lipoxin A4 agonist (BML-111) in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model in rats. Pretreatment with BML-111 (1xa0mg/kg, i.p., 1xa0h before CLP) protected against CLP-induced mortality after 24xa0h. BML-111 prevented marked inflammatory cells in liver tissues and decreased elevation in serum hepatic biomarkers [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TB), gamma-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT)] induced by CLP. Additionally, BML-111 attenuated elevated serum level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and downregulated hepatic IL-6 mRNA expression. Meanwhile, BML-111 further increased serum IL-10 and upregulated hepatic IL-10 mRNA expression, while it downregulated hepatic mRNA expression of nuclear factor inhibitory protein kappa-B alpha (NFκBia), toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4), and 5-lipooxygenase (5-LOX). Moreover, BML-111 prevented NF-κB/p65 nuclear translocation and activation. In conclusion, BML-111 attenuated CLP-induced acute hepatic dysfunction through its anti-inflammatory effect by decreasing NF-κB activity, TLR-4, and 5-LOX expression with subsequent decrease in pro-inflammatory IL-6 and elevation in anti-inflammatory IL-10.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

Mechlorethamine hydrochloride, 98%
C5H11Cl2N · HCl