Umbilical cord tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells maintain immunomodulatory and angiogenic potencies after cryopreservation and subsequent thawing.

PMID 28040463


The effect of cryopreservation on mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) therapeutic properties has become highly controversial. However, data thus far have indiscriminately involved the assessment of different types of MSCs with distinct production processes. This study assumed that MSC-based products are affected differently depending on the tissue source and manufacturing process and analyzed the effect of cryopreservation on a specific population of umbilical cord tissue-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs), UCX Cell phenotype was assessed by flow cytometry through the evaluation of the expression of relevant surface markers such as CD14, CD19, CD31, CD34, CD44, CD45, CD90, CD105, CD146, CD200, CD273, CD274 and HLA-DR. Immunomodulatory activity was analyzed in vitro through the ability to inhibit activated T cells and in vivo by the ability to reverse the signs of inflammation in an adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model. Angiogenic potential was evaluated in vitro using a human umbilical vein endothelial cell-based angiogenesis assay, and in vivo using a mouse model for hindlimb ischemia. Phenotype and immunomodulatory and angiogenic potencies of this specific UC-MSC population were not impaired by cryopreservation and subsequent thawing, both in vitro and in vivo. This study suggests that potency impairment related to cryopreservation in a given tissue source can be avoided by the production process. The results have positive implications for the development of advanced-therapy medicinal products.