Effects of an extension of the equilibration period up to 96 hours on the characteristics of cryopreserved bull semen.

PMID 28043360


This study was designed to investigate the effects of an equilibration period up to 96 hours and three extenders (AndroMed, OPTIXcell, and Triladyl) on the quality of cryopreserved bull semen and to evaluate, whether an extension of the equilibration time to 72 hours does affect fertility in the field. One ejaculate of 17 bulls was collected and divided into three equal aliquots and diluted, respectively, with the three extenders. Each aliquot was again divided into five parts and equilibrated for 4, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours before freezing in an automatic freezer. Sperm motility, plasma membrane and acrosome integrity (PMAI), and DNA fragmentation index (% DFI) were measured during equilibration. In addition to the parameters measured during equilibration, the percentage of viable sperm cells with high mitochondrial membrane potential (HMMP) was measured immediately after thawing, and after 3 hours of incubation at 37 °C. Sperm motility was assessed using CASA, and PMAI, HMMP, and % DFI were measured using flow cytometry. Equilibration time did affect all parameters before freezing (P < 0.01), and also the extender affected all parameters except HMMP (P < 0.05). After thawing, all parameters except HMMP immediately after thawing were influenced by the equilibration period (P < 0.001), whereas all parameters except % DFI immediately after thawing were influenced by the extender (P < 0.001). The changes of semen characteristics during 3 hours of incubation were also dependent on the equilibration time and the extender used in all parameters (P < 0.01). In the field study, semen of nine bulls was collected thrice weekly, processed using Triladyl egg yolk extender, and frozen in 0.25 mL straws with 15 × 10