Cell death & disease

Globozoospermia and lack of acrosome formation in GM130-deficient mice.

PMID 28055014


Globozoospermia is a common reproductive disorder that causes male infertility in humans, and the malformation or loss of acrosomes is the prominent feature of this disease. Although the acrosome is thought to be derived from the Golgi apparatus, the detailed molecular mechanisms remain unclear. GM130 is a cis-side localized Golgi matrix protein,whereas the physiological functions of this protein remain elusive. Here we showed that inactivation of GM130-caused male infertility in mouse model. The primary defects were the absence of acrosomes, round sperm heads, and aberrant assembly of the mitochondrial sheath, which comprise the characteristic features of human globozoospermia. Further investigation indicated that loss of GM130 did not affect the secretion of pro-acrosomic vesicles, whereas the vesicles failed to fuse into a single large acrosome vesicle. Co-localization of the adaptor protein complex AP1 and trans-Golgi network (TGN) protein TGN46 was disrupted, suggesting that the malformation of acrosomes is most likely due to the defect in the sorting and coating of Golgi-derived pro-acrosomic vesicles. Thus, the GM130-deficient mouse provides a valuable model for investigating the etiology of human globozoospermia.

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