International journal of biological macromolecules

Surface layer protein from Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM inhibit intestinal pathogen-induced apoptosis in HT-29 cells.

PMID 28057572


Intestinal pathogens have been proposed to adhere to epithelial cells and cause apoptosis. This study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of surface layer protein (SLP, 46kDa) from Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM on Escherichia coli and Salmonella-induced apoptosis in HT-29 cells and the mechanism of the inhibition was also studied. The SLP could alleviate the chromatin condensation caused by intestinal pathogens as observed under fluorescent microscope. Flow cytometry analysis showed that the SLP decreased E. coli and Salmonella-induced apoptosis by 46% and 48%, respectively. The SLP could also inhibit the mitochondrial membrane potential reduction and Ca(2+) level increase in HT-29 cells. Furthermore, the activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 induced by E. coli and Salmonella was significantly decreased by the addition of SLP. These results suggested that L. acidophilus NCFM SLP could protect HT-29 cells against intestinal pathogen-induced apoptosis through a mitochondria-mediated pathway. These findings may reveal a new method for the treatment of intestinal infection and provide a theoretical basis for the practical application of SLP in food, biological and pharmaceutical fields.

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