EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Breast cancer (Tokyo, Japan)

The prolyl oligopeptidase inhibitor SUAM-14746 attenuates the proliferation of human breast cancer cell lines in vitro.


PMID 28070831

Abstract

Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP, EC 3.4.1.26) is a serine peptidase that hydrolyzes post-proline peptide bonds in peptides that are <30 amino acids in length. We previously reported that POP inhibition suppressed the growth of NB-1 human neuroblastomas cells and KATO III human gastric cancer cells. POP activity is commonly elevated in many cancers, which includes breast cancer. However, the effect of POP inhibition as a candidate breast cancer therapy is unknown. The effects of POP inhibition and knockdown on the proliferation of cultured human estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) MCF7 and T47D, and ER-negative (ER-) MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines and the MCF12A non-tumorigenic epithelial cell line were tested by analyzing their influence on cell proliferation (WST-1 assay), cell viability (trypan blue exclusion assay), and cell cycle arrest (cell cycle analysis, cell cycle regulator proteins expression). POP-specific inhibitors 3-({4-[2-(E)-styrylphenoxy]butanoyl}-L-4-hydroxyprolyl)-thiazolidine (SUAM-14746) and benzyloxycarbonyl-thiopropyl-thioprolinal and RNAi-mediated POP knockdown inhibited the proliferation of MCF7 cells without inducing cell death. SUAM-14746-induced growth inhibition was also observed in T47D and MDA-MB-231 cells, but not in MCF12A cells. This growth inhibition was associated with G SUAM-14746 inhibited breast cancer cell growth in a cytostatic manner without inducing lethality, and POP-specific inhibitors may be an effective treatment against ER+ and ER- breast cancer.