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Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α inhibition modulates airway hyperresponsiveness and nitric oxide levels in a BALB/c mouse model of asthma.


PMID 28093362

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is a master regulator of inflammation and is upregulated in alveolar macrophages and lung parenchyma in asthma. HIF-1α regulates select pathways in allergic inflammation, and thus may drive particular asthma phenotypes. This work examines the role of pharmacologic HIF-1α inhibition in allergic inflammatory airway disease (AIAD) pathogenesis in BALB/c mice, which develop an airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) asthma phenotype. Systemic treatment with HIF-1α antagonist YC-1 suppressed the increase in HIF-1α expression seen in control AIAD mice. Treatment with YC-1 also decreased AHR, blood eosinophilia, and allergic inflammatory gene expression: IL-5, IL-13, myeloperoxidase and iNOS. AIAD mice had elevated BAL levels of NO, and treatment with YC-1 eliminated this response. However, YC-1 did not decrease BAL, lung or bone marrow eosinophilia. We conclude that HIF-1α inhibition in different genetic backgrounds, and thus different AIAD phenotypes, decreases airway resistance and markers of inflammation in a background specific manner. Asthma is a common disease that can be difficult to control with current therapeutics. We describe how pharmacologic targeting of a specific transcription factor, HIF-1α, suppresses asthmatic airway reactivity and inflammation.

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